Found in: Banks of Turkey
Turkiye Cumhuriyeti Ziraat Bankasi , also known as Ziraat Bankasi, is the biggest Turkish bank. According to a report on the "Top 1000 World Banks in 2004" published by The Bankers magazine, TC Ziraat Bankasi A.S. is ranked 115, the highest ranking of any Turkish bank. It had moved up 26 places from its previous ranking of 141.
During the first half of the 19th century, with the adoption of western models of trade and finance, foreign banks began their activities in the Ottoman Empire. At that period, there was not enough capital to found a national banking system and no one could mention the existence of national banks as a source of capital. This situation was more harmful to farmers because they made up the majority of the population, and since they did not have any institutional financial structure to which to apply, they had to borrow money from the usurers with high interest rates. Under these conditions, the governor of Ni (Nis) province of the Ottoman Empire (now in Serbia), Mithat Pasha (1822-1884) began to take the first steps to overcome these difficulties in 1863 and achieved the reorganization of Homeland Funds, which became a law with Homeland Funds Regulations in 1867. Homeland Funds was the first agricultural financial institution founded by the state and operated with a state guarantee.
In 1888 Homeland Funds was renamed Ziraat Bankasi ("Agriculture Bank" in Turkish), and Ziraat Bankasi's head office in Istanbul began to function. The Greco-Turkish War between 1919 and 1922 affected the bank's policy. The Greek Invasion Forces opened a Ziraat Bank Management Center in Izmir and occupied branches and funds were taken to the new Center's management. On the other hand Turkish Grand National Assembly charged the Ankara branch of Ziraat Bank with the management of branches and funds. On September 9th of 1922, the Izmir organization was subjected to Ankara and on October 23rd, the Istanbul organization was also subjected to Ankara. After the National Independence War was won, Ziraat Bank became a united whole again. In 1993 Ziraat Bank Moscow, Kazkommerts Ziraat International Bank (KZI Bank), Turkmen Turkish Commercial Bank (TTC Bank) and Uzbekistan Turkish Bank (UT Bank) were founded and started to operate. In 2001 Emlak Bankasi was merged with Ziraat Bankasi and closed.
List of banks in Turkey