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Second Saudi State

Found in: History of Saudi Arabia


The Second Saudi State refers to the period in the 19th century when the rule of the House of Saud was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818. Compared to the First Saudi State, the second Saudi period was marked by less territorial expansion and less religious zeal, although the Saudi leaders continued to go by the title of Imam and still employed Wahhabist religious scholars. It was also marked by severe internal conflicts within the Saudi family, eventually leading to the dynasty's downfall. Turki ibn Abdallah's reconquest of Riyadh from Egyptian forces in 1824 is generally regarded as the beginning of the Second Saudi State, while the end was marked by the Battle of Mulayda in 1891, between the forces loyal to the last Saudi imam, Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki, and the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il.

The rulers of the second state:

Amir Turki ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad (first time) 1819 - 1820

Amir Turki ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad (second time) 1824 - 1834

Amir Mushari ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mushari 1834 - 1834

Amir Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdallah (first time) 1834 - 1838

Amir Khalid ibn Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz 1838 - 1841

Amir Abdallah ibn Thunayyan ibn Ibrahim 1841 - 1843

Amir Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1843 - 1865

Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (first time) 1865 - 1871

Amir Saud ibn Faisal ibn Turki 1871 - 1871 (first time)

Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1871 - 1873

Amir Saud ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1873 - 1875

Amir Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki (first time) 1875 - 1876

Amir Abdallah ibn Faisal ibn Turki (third time) 1876 - 1889

Amir Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki (second time) 1889 - 1891

See also

First Saudi State

Saudi Arabia

References

Second State of Saudi Arabia

The first and second Saudi states in Saudi Aramco World, January/February 1999, p4-11

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Second Saudi State