Arar is also the ancient name of the Saone river in France, the surname of Canadian citizen Maher Arar, and the nickname of Jordanian poet Mustafa Wahbi.
Arar is the capital of Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah (The Northern Border) province in Saudi Arabia. It has a population of 145,237 (2004 census).
Arar is located in the north-east of Saudi Arabia on the Iraqi border. It is known for its fertile pastureland, and a principal occupation is sheep and camel herding. The population of the city, according to the latest official government statistics is 240,000 in the city itself. The population of the region, including the cities of Rafha, Toriaf and Alaoiqilah and suburban villages and their inhabitants is 890,000.
The city of Arar was founded in 1950 (1369 AH), after the construction of the Aramco oil pipeline (Tapline) was completed. It was initially an oil pumping station with a health centre and worker housing. Workers at Arar were primarily from the regions of Al-Ahsa, Ha'il, Yanbu and Al Wajh. With the opening of the company's services to the public and having to dig wells aquifer wells for watering the desert, many residents apparent reluctance on the city's current services and take advantage of abundant water. This has caused a lot of temptation Qassim area merchants who were highly transit zone for the purpose of trips trade with Iraq and Syria Bassteitan site and trade with the inhabitants of the desert and staff Altablain. Many of them settled in the valley north of Arar housing workers in the face of the apparent movement of the population living in the northern grasslands. There emerged swap market and a relatively large auction, tempted more residents find stable areas in the valley of Arar, and how tempted a number of six residents of the desert by taking advantage of the market available. With the growing area of the city, which represents neighborhood Mohammedia in the present, increased commercial and social activity, which invited the government to open centres and the Principality of passports and police and court, and then delegates and others. The job attracted Aljdidhvi government offices often present Skaka residents of the nearby Jouf, and the northern areas of the West face and DAPA and Timagerha. The work of the availability of services to attract much of the population of the desert areas surrounding stability in the city. With the launching of the government development programs in the year 1395 H, increased demand Albadealmentharin population in the whole Arab region north of the island of stability in the new city. The city was originally known as (body) since the pumping station's oil Aramco was located in the valley body. The name was changed to "Arar" in the year 1397 population distribution by e new stabilized at Wadi Arar As we have said. The town of Arar's population consists of a mix of the population of several regions submitted to them Qassim and Hail, Jouf, face and other and form a harmonious mix of cultures and customs of various Saudi and residential neighborhood Ahiahi workers is housing for staff and company Altablain Mohammedia by housing the families of Qassim and the rest of the find is decided early stabilization of People of different shadows on the desert. It was then planning Khaldieh neighborhood, which was inhabited mostly residents Jawf regions, villages and face with ethnic Palestinian, Syrian obtaining the Saudi nationality. Thus was established neighborhood assistance relatively recent, having inhabited by a mixture of three former slum residents. On appeal in 1395 Real Estate Development Fund loans, regardless of the citizens. Settled population of nomadic tribes and Aenzewalrolh firm and solid and residential city, and established them alive, Al Aziziyah,. The division of these neighborhoods to residential areas earmarked for each thighs from each tribe. You can even expect to master static in the neighborhood, Al Aziziyah, or from the area inhabited them. Thus was established Salhia neighbourhood, which was inhabited by a harmonious mix of the population of the desert.
Geographical location and geological formation
Arar is located in the north of Saudi Arabia, at Latitude: 30 54' 21 N, Longitude: 41 8' 20 E, in the heart of a vast rocky limestone plain. It lies about 1100 kilometers northwest of Riyadh, and about 60 kilometers from the Iraqi border.
Arar's climate is continental, with hot summers, and cold winters with temperatures below freezing. Winds generally blow from the east or west, rarely from the south. It is noteworthy that the rainfall in the region has declined gradually over recent years.
In 1968 the remains of an ancient city were unearthed 30 kilometres from the city of Arar. The site yielded numerous sculptures of fish, turtles and other aquatic animals.
As we have said Arar had arisen on the trade swaps, auctions and livestock products . Even the street who was known uses of these activities Street "margarine." After increasing population, have other similar activities for the rest of cities such as trade, distribution and parcel services, land and air travel. With the opening of the road between Iraq and Saudi Arabia via a new outlet Arar, promoted this road of economic activity significantly. The terms of region, a centre for trade exchange between Saudi Arabia and regions of central and western Iraq. It also emerged at the heart of the city, and nowhere "ghee", the Iraqi market for goods, was unique at the level of the entire northern areas. However, this market very active, he was deeply depressed after the Iraqi government decided to close the road performing the impact of the war between Iraq and Iran, remains a semi-enclosed to this day.
Only the establishment of the city's population of some handicrafts Initially, which are based on wool textile industry and homes hair tanning industry proximity and container industries. The nomadic women are the focus of recycling remarkable edge in this industry. Soon, the industry crumbled with the progress of development and indispensable modern buildings and metal utensils.
With the development, created another kind of light industry needed to support the operations of building and construction factor bricks and stone quarries and dairy plants, with workshops for the manufacture of equipment, livestock and docks and railway linking Lisbon and others. After that, arose agricultural projects for small and medium production of poultry and vegetables.
The economic life in Arar and surrounding areas to livestock from Apple, goats and sheep. The region is characterized by frequent type of sheep-Naimi. Where an estimated number of sheep producers in the region by more than 7 million head, which is the highest among the regions Amlleke. Has given mixed population composition between the present and visible in the region all the ingredients necessary to support this activity. Find the town's inhabitants have the spring of fertile land, and nature occasion, and accumulation of knowledge and expertise, skilled labour, capital and the existence of support services for the activity and the number of feed and transportation, with the market of the most active markets Kingdom. Above all, love of the profession of raising sheep.
In the last five years, the government tended to diversify national income, thereby causing a significant impact on the future of the city. Resulting in a major activity in the region. First, the Declaration on the establishment of the North Cement Company, which is based in Arar key to it. It is estimated the size of the factory's production in the first phase b 180000 tons Snuyabhjm sales estimated at 40 million rials prices as the domestic market today. For the second phase project will be implemented later.
The second activity is phosphate mining and production of bilateral ammonium phosphate, which is the largest integrated project of its kind in the world. The estimated production of the Arar phosphate concentrates in the first stage b 4.6 million tons annually transported to the top of perjury near Jubail for the production of the final product. The phosphate company is currently working on a new expansion of the second stage. The estimated sales volume of the project in the international market, after the commencement of production, prices today, about 12 billion riyals annually. It uses phosphate fertilizer and high-quality agricultural feedstock in the manufacture of bio-fuel. Work has begun on the implementation of this project on a global level talking about business news television channels in the Internet even in European countries, because doubling the price of this article globally for several times after the depletion of many reservoirs in the United States, Mexico, Australia and South Africa.
Important events in the history of Arar
Plane crash Iraqi Airways flight No. 163 near the Arar airport
A summit meeting between King Saud and King of Jordan at the time of King Hussein in the town of Arar
The second visit of King Saud in 1378 e
Visit the King Khaled in 1397 e
Visit the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah in 1428 e