Nokdim , is a communal settlement and Israeli settlement located south of Bethlehem in the northern Judean hills of the West Bank. The yishuv was founded on July 5, 1982, by residents of Tekoa, and is within the municipal jurisdiction of the Gush Etzion Regional Council. Nokdim was originally named El-David, in commemoration of two recently killed residents of Tekoa. Eli Pressman, a new immigrant from France was killed in June, 1982 during the 1982 Lebanon War, and David Rosenfeld, an immigrant from the United States who operated the Herodium museum and tourist-site, murdered in July, 1982 by two of his Palestinian employees.
The name was changed to Nokdim in reference to the shepherding prophet Amos who lived in nearby biblical Tekoa.
The town has developed a mixed population consisting of both religiously observant and secular residents, native Israelis and immigrants. Over 140 families live in Nokdim, including over 650 people.
The chief city rabbi is Rabbi Yaron Dorani. Perhaps the most famous resident is Avigdor Lieberman, Israeli politician and head of the Yisrael Beitenu party.
The Magen Shaul pre-army service preparatory school yeshiva in which Israeli youth from around the country are enrolled, was established in 1996.