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Israeli Air Force

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The Israeli Air Force is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. The current Commander in Chief is Major General Ido Nehoshtan. The Israeli Air Force has approximately 1000 aircraft and is regarded as one of the greatest air forces in the world due to their gaining air supremacy in the Middle-East.

History

Early years (1948-1957)

The IAF was formed when Israel declared statehood in 1948 and found itself under immediate attack. Its predecessor, Sherut Avir, was the air wing of the Haganah. The IAF's humble beginnings made its first air victories particularly impressive and noteworthy; at first, it was assembled from a hodge-podge collection of civilian aircraft commandeered or donated and converted to military use. A variety of obsolete and surplus ex-World War II (mostly Ex-Luftwaffe) combat aircraft were quickly sourced by various means to supplement this fleet. The backbone of the IAF consisted of 25 Avia S-199 and 62 Spitfire LF Mk IXE. Creativity and resourcefulness were the early foundations of Israeli military success in the air, rather than technology .

During the 1950s, France became a major supplier of warplanes to Israel, but the trust between the two countries was violated just before the Six-Day War, when France declared an arms embargo on Israel. This had a two-pronged effect: Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) significantly increased its efforts and abilities in weapons production (initially based on the French models) and the United States replaced France as Israel's principal military-aircraft supplier, producing the majority of the IAF combat fighters from the late 1960s until today.

The Six-Day War

During the Six-Day War, the Israeli Air Force achieved air supremacy by eliminating the vast majority of opposing Arab air forces on the first day of fighting. On June 5, 1967, in Operation Focus, a massive coordinated raid employing special Durandal and conventional bombs, rockets and strafing, the IAF destroyed most of the Egyptian air force while their planes were still on the ground. By the end of the day the Syrian and Jordanian air forces were virtually wiped out as well. The IAF shoot-down record at the end of the war was a claimed record of 451 enemy aircraft downed versus 10 downed of its own. While this operation was taking place, only a handful of aircraft were left to guard Israeli skies.

The War of Attrition

In the War of Attrition, the IAF operated in air "dog fight" and bombing of strategic targets deep within enemy's territory. Notable operations were:

September 11, 1969: IAF planes shot down 12 Egyptian jet fighters in dog fights.

September 26, 1969 - Operation Rooster 53: IAF Super Frelon and Sikorsky CH-53 Yas'ur helicopters carried paratroopers in a raid to capture and airlift back an advanced Soviet P-12 radar deployed in Egypt near Suez. A CH-53 helicopter carried the 4-ton radar back, tethered underneath it.

January 7, 1970: the IAF started performing deep strikes on Egyptian targets, in order to force them to cease artillery and commando attacks on Israeli forces arrayed along the east side of the Suez Canal.

July 30, 1970: the IAF ambushed and shot down 5 Soviet-piloted Egyptian MiG-21 fighters.

Yom Kippur War

In the Yom Kippur War of October 1973, the IAF suffered heavy casualties from Soviet anti-aircraft surface-to-air missiles, but managed to regroup and assist IDF ground forces and later bomb targets in Syria and Egypt. One of the first battles in the war's air front was the Ofira Air Battle, involving two Israeli Phantoms versus 28 Egyptian Mig-17s and Mig-21s, and resulting in 7 downed Egyptian planes and disengagment of the rest. IAF helicopters proved to be highly useful in logistics and rescue efforts (MedEvac). According to Israel, during that war, the IAF lost 102 planes while the Egyptian Air Force lost 235 and the Syrian Air Force lost 135, although these figures are contested.

Growth (1973-82)

Following the Yom Kippur War, most of Israel's military aircraft have been obtained from the United States. Those included the F-4 Phantom II, A-4 Skyhawk, F-15 Eagle, E-2 Hawkeye and others.

The Israeli Air Force has also operated a number of domestically-produced types like the IAI Nesher, and later, the more advanced IAI Kfir, which were unauthorised derivatives of the French Dassault Mirage 5 . The Kfir was adapted to utilize a more powerful US engine, produced under license in Israel. In 1976, the IAF participated in the Operation Entebbe rescue mission in Uganda using the C-130 Hercules for transport.

During the 1980s and 1990s the IAF was equipped with a variety of additional U.S. aircraft .

Bombing of the Osiraq nuclear reactor

On June 7, 1981 eight IAF F-16A fighters covered by six F-15A jets flew in Operation Opera (also referred to as Operation Babylon or Operation Ofra) to bomb and destroy the Iraq nuclear facilities of Osiraq. Among the pilots that took part in the attack was the late Colonel Ilan Ramon, Israel's first astronaut. The planes returned to Israel very low on fuel.

1982 Lebanon War and its aftermath

During the 1982 Lebanon War, IAF planes destroyed many Syrian air defences (most of them in Operation Mole Cricket 19) and shot down 100 Syrian aircraft without losing a single fighter plane in an air to air combat.

During the war, IAF AH-1 Cobra helicopter gunships destroyed dozens of Syrian armored fighting vehicles and other ground targets, including some T-72 main battle tanks.

In 1986 an IAF F-4 Phantom, piloted by Captain Aharon Achiaz, was inadvertently damaged midair and abandoned, resulting in the capture of flight navigator then-Captain Ron Arad by the Lebanese Shi'ite militia Amal. To this day, the whereabouts of Arad has not been disclosed by his captors.

For many years after the war's official end, and throughout Israel presence in Lebanon the IAF AH-1 Cobras continued to mount attacks on Hezbollah and PLO militant positions in south Lebanon.

Bombing of the PLO headquarters in Tunis

A response to a PLO terrorist attack which resulted in the murder of three Israeli civilians in Cyprus, Operation Wooden Leg took place on October 1, 1985. The strike involved the bombing of PLO Headquarters in Tunis, Tunisia, by F-15 Eagles. This was the longest combat mission ever undertaken by the IAF, a stretch of 2300 kilometers, involving in-flight refueling by an IAF Boeing 707. As a result, PLO headqurters and barracks were either destroyed or damaged.

High Tech age (1990 and beyond)

During the 1990s the IAF upgraded most of its aircraft with advanced Israeli-made systems, improving the performances of the aircraft. In the 1990s the IAF also received the AH-64 Apache helicopter gunship and equipped its aircraft with the Rafael Python 4, Popeye and Derby missiles. In 1991, the IAF participated in Operation Solomon which brought Ethiopian Jews to Israel. Also, the IAI Lavi was canceled.

That same year, Israel was attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles during the first Gulf War. Israeli Air Force pilots were on constant stand-by in their cockpits throughout the conflict, ready to fly to Iraq to retaliate. Diplomatic pressure from the United States, however, kept the IAF grounded while Coalition air assets and Patriot missile batteries supplied by the U.S. and the Netherlands sought to deal with the Scuds.

In the new millennium, the IAF bought the '''F-15I Ra'am (Thunder)and the F-16I Sufa (Storm)''', two of the most advanced variants of the F-15 and F-16 fighter jets, manufactured specially for Israel according to the IAF requirements. The IAF has purchased 102 Sufa F-16I warplanes, the first planes arrived in April, 2004 (the IAF is the largest operator of F-16's after the US Air Force). The IAF also purchased the advanced Israeli air-to-air missile Rafael Python 5, with full-sphere capability, and considered among the best in its field, as well as a special version of the Apache Longbow, designated AH-64DI or Saraph. In 2005 the Israeli Air Force received special Gulfstream V jets (known as "Nachshon"), modified with the newest and most advanced intelligence systems in the world, all made by Israel Military Industries.

Three IAF squadrons , based at Sedot Mikha airbase, are thought to be responsible for Israel's surface-to-surface nuclear strike capability, maintaining a stockpile of between 21 and 100 Jericho I and II medium-range ballistic missiles. The Jericho III, capable of reaching targets throughout the Middle East and Europe, as well as much of Africa and Asia, is thought to be currently entering service, with a test launch in early 2008.

During the al-Aqsa intifada, the IAF was largely employed in targeted killings of leaders of Palestinian militant groups, most notably Salah Shakhade, Mahmoud Abu-Hunud, Abu Ali Mustafa, Ahmed Yassin and Abed al-Aziz Rantissi. This policy is controversial - due to the collateral damage caused in certain instances. Israel claims it is vital to fight terrorism and that IAF pilots do whatever they can to avoid civilian casualties - including aborting strikes.

After a landmark 1994 High Court appeal by a Jewish immigrant from South Africa, Alice Miller, the Air Force was instructed to open its flight school to women. Miller passed her entrance exams, yet failed the medical tests and thus did not qualify. The first female fighter pilot successfully received her wings in 2001 (several female navigators graduated before her).

In September 2007, the Israeli Air Force successfully bombed an alleged Syrian nuclear reactor in Operation Orchard.

Records and highlights

The Israeli Air Force is considered the strongest air force in the Middle East, and one of the best and most sophisticated in the world. Over the past few decades Israel has purchased sophisticated American fighters and installed on them its locally developed and produced avionics and weapons. Perhaps the greatest strength of the IAF is the skill of its pilots. The IAF relies on its Air Intelligence Directorate for intelligence, including analysis of aerial photography. Many of the IAF's electronics and weapons systems are developed and built in Israel by Israel Military Industries, Israel Aerospace Industries, Elbit and others.

The IAF holds world records respective to the amounts of enemy warplanes shoot-downs, air combat performance, special operations, and air to ground operations from the jet era onward.

Some of the records and highlight moments are as follows:

Six Day War

June 5, 1967 the Six Day War: The destruction of the entire Egyptian air-force within three hours. By the end of the day the Syrian and Jordanian air forces were wiped out as well. The IAF shoot-down total at the end of the war was a claimed record of 451 enemy aircraft downed versus nineteen of its own. See: Operation Focus.

War of Attrition

March, 1969 until August, 1970 the War of Attrition: 111 enemy warplanes were shot-down in dogfights by IAF pilots while only four IAF warplanes were shot down in dogfights by enemy pilots (according to Israeli sources). Also, during the Cold War the Soviet Union held close relationships with the Arab nations. On July 30, 1970 the tension peaked: An IAF ambush resulted in a large scale air brawl between IAF planes and MiGs flown by Soviet pilots — five MiGs were shot down, while the IAF suffered no losses.

Yom Kippur War

October 9, 1973 the Yom Kippur War: The destruction of the Syrian General Staff in Damascus: On October 9 1973, two F-4 Phantom quartets attacked and destroyed the Syrian General Staff Headquarters in the heart of Damascus. The Syrian Air Force Headquarters was damaged as well.

Also, during the Yom Kippur War, the IAF shot down 277 enemy warplanes accounting for over a third of the IAF's total kills since 1948.

However in this war over 50 planes were lost due to the introduction of new Soviet air defence equipment and doctrine: medium range SA-6 mobile SAM batteries and point defence provided by short range Shilka radar guided SPAAG and SA-7 Strela MANPADS (employed by Egyptian infantry), advancing with the mechanized forces and covered by older but longer range and still very dangerous SA-2 and SA-3 anti aircraft missile batteries.

Israeli Air Force was the first Air Force that fought against the new Soviet doctrine of advancing mechanized forces covered by overlapping different surface based anti aircraft systems.

1982 Lebanon War

June 8, 1982 1982 Lebanon War: The destruction of the entire Soviet supplied Syrian air-defence system in Lebanon within a few hours without a single warplane lost; Syria with the help of the Soviet Union built up an overlapping network of surface-to-air missiles. It achieved in dogfights a total of 80 Syrian planes shoot-downs, without a single Israeli plane being shot down.

2006 Lebanon War

The IAF played a critical role in the 2006 Lebanon War by leading the Israeli attacks on Hezbollah. These strikes mainly, though not exclusively, in southern Lebanon were aimed at stopping rocket launches by Hezbollah's militia targetting Israeli towns. The IAF flew more than 12,000 combat missions during this war. The most notable mission, taking place during the second day of the war, resulted in the IAF destroying 59 Iranian-supplied medium- and long-range missile launchers in just 34 minutes. Widespread condemnation followed the July 30 IAF airstrike on a building suspected to be a militant hideout near the village of Qana, in which 28 civilians were killed. Hezbollah shot down an IAF CH-53 Yas'ur helicopter on the last day of the war, killing four male and one female aircrew members. Earlier, an IAF F-16I had crashed during take-off. Israeli aircraft also shot down three armed Iranian aerial drones during the conflict.

Other

The only documented successful emergency landing of an F-15 with one wing, after losing the starboard wing after an airborne collision with an A-4 Skyhawk during training. The Skyhawk exploded and its pilot ejected. McDonnell-Douglas, manufacturer of the F-15, refused to believe it was possible until photos of the incident were released. The F-15 was subsequently restored to flight status.

"Ace" pilots: 39 IAF pilots have shot down at least five jet planes, ten out of them shot down at least eight jet planes.

"Ace of Aces": Colonel Giora Epstein shot down seventeen jet planes, holding the world record of jet aircraft shot down, and the most aircraft shot of any type down since the Korean War.

Obtaining the first shoot-downs for the American fighter jets, the F-15 and the F-16. [*]

The first possible shoot-downs of their own American fighter jets, the F-16s and F-15. [*]

Pilot Selection and Training

The selection process for IAF pilots can be traced to Ezer Weizman, widely considered the architect of the modern Israeli Air Force, and his aim of recruiting only "the best for pilots." His reasoning was that the skill and bravery of the ground forces would be for naught if they could be attacked at will from the air. As a result, only those thought to possess the innate ability to succeed as Israeli pilots are even invited to begin the training process, and only the most qualified succeed in completing what is seen by many as the world's most demanding military selection course.

Consequently, potential Israeli pilots are identified prior to reporting for national service at age 18, based on factors such as high grades in school and top scores on standardized tests, excellent physical condition and high technical aptitude. Those who meet these and other criteria are invited to participate in a six-day gibush (cohesion), a selection phase involving physical, mental, and sociometric challenges. Recruits are screened not only for their ability to perform the tasks assigned, but for their attitude in performing them such as how they take hardships and unexpected difficulties, how well they work in groups and how they approach problem solving and disaster management situations. As many as 90 percent of those who commence the gibush will be dropped from further consideration at its conclusion.

Those who pass the gibush embark on a three-year journey to earn their wings, which includes extensive flight training, infantry training, officer's course, and studies towards an academic degree (a B.A. or B.Sc.). The prospective pilots are evaluated constantly, and the vast majority of those who begin flight training do not make it through the full program. Those expelled from the course will either remain in the air force in a non-flying capacity, or transfer to an army unit; this is dependent to a large degree on the stage at which they leave the course.

While in flying school, future pilots are sorted and assigned to train on different types of aircraft. Few become fighter pilots (considered by some to be the most desirable assignment), while the remainder learn to fly helicopters, transport aircraft, or train as navigators.

The pilot course was opened to women in 1995, though the first female pilot did not receive her wings until 2001 (Several female navigators graduated earlier.) While Israeli Arabs may volunteer to serve in the IDF, it is unclear whether they can seek air force training. In 2006, an Israeli Arab applied to be considered for the pilot program, but was not accepted.

Units and Structure

Air and Space Arm

* Chief of Arm Staff Group

* Fixed Wing Air Group

* Helicopter Air Group

* Intelligence Group

** Technical Service for Intelligence Unit (VISINT unit)

* Equipment Group

** Unit 22 - Air Maintenance Unit

** "Ofeq/Horizon" unit (C4I of the Air Force)

* Manpower Group

* Air Defence Command

** Northern Air Defence Regiment

** Central Air Defence Regiment

** Southern Air Defence Regiment & Air Defence School

* Unit Control Command

* Special Air Forces Command

** Unit 5101 - Shaldag

** Unit 669

* Chief Medical Officer Command

** Air Medicine Unit

* Ramat David Airbase (1st Airbase)

** 109th Squadron ("The Valley Squadron") - operating F-16D

** 110th Squadron ("The Knights of North Squadron") - operating F-16C

** 117th Squadron ("The 1st Jet Squadron") - operating F-16C

** 193rd Squadron ("The Defenders of th West Squadron") - operating Eurocopter Panther (Joint Command with the navy)

* Sdot Micha Airbase (2nd Air-Wing)

** 150th Squadron of IRBM missiles

** 199th Squadron of IRBM missiles

** 248th Squadron of IRBM missiles

* Hatzor Airbase (4th Air-Wing)

** 101st Squadron ("The 1st Combat Squadron") - operating F-16C

** 105th Squadron ("The Scorpion Squadron") - operating F-16D

** 113rd Squadron ("The Hornet Squadron") - operating AH-64D

* Hatzerim Airbase (6th Airbase)

** 69th Squadron ("The Hammers Squadron") - operating F-15I

** 102nd Squadron ("The Flying Tiger Squadron") - operating A-4 and various trainer aircraft (Flight Training School)

*** Aerobatics Team operating AMIT Fouga Magister

** 107th Squadron ("The Knights of the Orange Tail Squadron") - operating F-16I

** 123rd Squadron ("The Desert Birds Squadron") - operating S-70

** Air Force Infantry School (Air Force Installation Protection Units)

* Tel Nof Airbase (8th Airbase)

** 106th Squadron ("The Head of the Spear Squadron") operating F-15B/C/D

** 133rd Squadron ("The Twin-Tail Knights Squadron") - operating F-15A/B/D

** 114th Squadron ("The Night Guides Squadron") - operating CH-53

** 118th Squadron ("The Nocturnal Owls Squadron") - operating CH-53

** 601st Squadron (Flight Testing Center Squadron)

* Uvda Airbase (10th Airbase)

** 115th Squadron ("The Flying Dragon Squadron") operating F-16A, AH-1, and more - Opposing forces emulation squadron

** Aviation School

** IAF Officers School

* Sde Dov Airbase (15th Air-Wing)

** 100th Squadron ("The Flying Camel Squadron") - operating Beechcraft King Air

** 135th Squadron ("The Kings of the Air Squadron") - operating Beechcraft King Air and Beechcraft Bonanza

* Haifa Airbase (21th Airbase)

** Technical School

** IAF Technological College

* Ramon Airbase (25th Air-Wing)

** 119th Squadron ("The Bat Squadron") - operating F-16I

** 201st Squadron ("The One Squadron") - operating F-16I

** 253rd Squadron ("The Negev Squadron") - operating F-16I

** 190th Squadron ("The Magic Touch Squadron) - operating AH-64

* Nevatim Airbase (28th Airbase)

** 116th Squadron ("The Defenders of the South Squadron") - operating F-16A/B

** 140th Squadron ("The Golden Eagle") - operating F-16A/B

** 103rd Squadron ("The Elephants Squadron") - operating C-130

** 120th Squadron ("The International Squadron") - operating Boeing 707

** 122nd Squadron ("The Nahshon Squadron") - operating Gulfstream G550

** 131st Squadron ("The Knights of the Yellow Bird") - operating C-130

* Palmachim Airbase (30th Airbase)

** 124th Squadron ("The Rolling Sword Squadron") - operating S-70

** 160th Squadron ("The 1st Helicopter Gunships Squadron") - operating AH-1

** 200th Squadron ("The 1st UAV Squadron") - operating Heron UAVs

** 166th Squadron ("The 2nd UAV Squadron") - operating Hermes 450 UAVs

** 151st Squadron (Missile Testing Squadron)

* Machanaim Airbase (reserve)

* Reserve squadrons:

** 125th Squadron ("The Light Choppers Squadron")

** 144th Squadron ("The Phoenix Squadron")

** 147th Squadron ("The Goring Ram Squadron")

** 149th Squadron ("The Crushing Parrot Squadron")

** 161st Squadron ("The Northern Cobras Squadron")

** 192nd Squadron ("The Hawk Eye Squadron")

** 254th Squadron ("The Midland Squadron")

List of IAF Commanders

Yisrael Amir (May 1948-July 1948)

Aharon Remez (July 1948-December 1950)

Shlomo Shamir (December 1950-August 1951)

Haim Laskov (August 1951-May 1953)

Dan Tolkovsky (May 1953-July 1958)

Ezer Weizman (July 1958-April 1966)

Mordechai Hod (April 1966-May 1973)

Binyamin Peled (May 1973-October 1977)

David Ivri (October 1977-December 1982)

Amos Lapidot (December 1982-September 1987)

Avihu Ben-Nun (September 1987-January 1992)

Herzl Bodinger (January 1992-July 1996)

Eitan Ben Eliyahu (July 1996-April 2000)

Dan Halutz (April 2000-April 2004)

Elyezer Shkedy (April 2004-May 2008)

Ido Nehoshtan (May 2008- )

Aircraft

Current

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Aircraft

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Origin

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Type

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Versions

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|In service

! style="text-align: left; background: aacccc;"|Notes

|----- | Beechcraft Bonanza || || trainer aircraft || A-36 "Hofit" || 22 || |----- | Beechcraft King Air || || light transport

ELINT / EW || B-200/200T "Tzofit"
RC-12D "Cuckiya"
RC-12K "Cuckiya" || 29
6
10 || |----- | Bell AH-1 Cobra || || attack helicopter || AH-1G/S "Tzefa"|| 45 44 || 1 crashed in September 10, 2008 |----- | Boeing 707 || || transport
tanker || Boeing 707 "Re'em"
KC-707/135 "Re'em" || 6
7 || |----- | Boeing AH-64 Apache || || attack helicopter || AH-64A "Peten"
AH-64D "Saraph" || 28
17 || |----- | Boeing F-15 Eagle || || air superiority fighter || F-15A/B/C/D "Baz"|| 72 || Upgraded |----- | Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle || || strike fighter || F-15I "Ra'am" || 25 || |----- | Eurocopter Panther || || naval combat helicopter || AS-565SA "Atalef" || 5 || |----- | Fouga Magister || || jet trainer || CM-170 "Tzukit" || 40 || Built by AMIT |----- | Gulfstream G550 || || ELINT / EW
AWACS || G500 SEMA "Shavit"
G550 CAEW "Eitam" || 3
2|| |----- | IAI Arava || || STOL transport || Arava 201/202 || 9 || |----- | IAI Kfir || || mulitirole fighter || Kfir C-2/7, TC-2/7 || 5 || Contingency force |----- | IAI SeaScan || || maritime surveillance || SeaScan 1124N "Shahaf" || 3 || |----- | Lockheed C-130 Hercules || || tactical transport
tanker || C-130E/H "Qarnaf"
KC-130H "Qarnaf"|| 17
3 || Some used for surveillance
|----- | Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon || || mulitirole fighter || F-16A/B "Netz"
F-16C/D "Barak"
F-16I "Sufa" || 108
136
80 101 ||

Upgraded
The last 21 F-16I were delivered |----- | McDonnell Douglas A-4 Skyhawk || || ground attack || A-4 "Ayit"|| 44 || Used for advanced training |----- | McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II || || mulitirole fighter || F-4E Phantom 2000 "Kurnas" || 50 || No acting squadrons |----- | MD 500 Defender || || scout helicopter || 500MD "Lahatut" || 2 || Contingency force |----- | Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion || || heavy transport helicopter || CH-53A "Yas'ur"
CH-53D "Yas'ur 2000" || 38 || |----- | Sikorsky S-70 Blackhawk || || tactical transport helicopter || UH-60A/L "Yanshuf"
S-70A-50 "Yanshuf" || 49 || |----- | Socata TB-21 Trinidad || || trainer aircraft || TB-21 "Pashosh" || 22 ||

|}

Historic

Fighters/Bombers

Avia S-199 - Hebrew designation: "Sakeen" ("Knife")

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

Bristol Beaufighter

Dassault Mirage IIIC

Dassault Mystere

Dassault Ouragan

Dassault Super Mystere B.2

De Havilland Mosquito

Gloster Meteor

Israel Aerospace Industries Nesher

Israel Aerospace Industries Lavi

North American P-51 Mustang

Sud Aviation S.O. 4050 Vautour

Supermarine Spitfire

Utility

Aerospatiale Socata Rallye

Auster Autocrat - Hebrew designation: "Primus"

Beechcraft B-80 Queen Air - Hebrew designation: "Zamir" ("Nightingale")

De Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide

Dornier Do 27 - Hebrew designation: "Dror" ("Sparrow")

Dornier Do 28 - Hebrew designation: "Agur" ("Crane")

Grumman G-44 Widgeon

Grumman OV-1 Mohawk - Hebrew designation: "Atalef" ("Bat")

Miles M.57 Aerovan

Noorduyn UC-64A Norseman

Nord 1203 Norecrin II

Nord 2501 Noratlas

Pilatus Britten-Norman Islander

Pilatus PC-6A Turbo Porter

Taylorcraft BL

Transport/Reconnaissance

Boeing 377 Stratocruiser - Hebrew designation: "Anak" ("Giant")

Cessna 180 Skywagon

Cessna Stationair

Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina

Curtiss C-46 Commando

Douglas C-47 Dakota

Douglas C-54 Skymaster

Douglas DC-5

Grumman E-2C Hawkeye - Hebrew designation: "Daya" ("Kite")

Lockheed 18 Lodestar

Lockheed Constellation

Lockheed Hudson

RWD-13

RWD-15

Trainers/Light Aircraft

Airspeed AS65 Consul

Avro Anson

Boeing Stearman (PT-13 Kaydet)

De Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

Fokker S-11 Instructor

North American AT-6 Harvard

Piaggio P.149D

Piper PA-18 Super Cub

Republic RC-3 Seabee

Temco TE-1A Buckaroo

Vultee BT-13 Valiant

Helicopters

Aerospatiale SA 321K Super Frelon - Hebrew designation: "Tzir'a" ("Wasp")

Aerospatiale SE.3130 Alouette II

Bell 47

Bell 212 - Hebrew designation: "Anafa" ("Heron")

Bell UH-1 Iroquois

Hiller 360

Sikorsky S-55 Chickasaw

Sikorsky S-58 Choctaw

Other

Northrop Chukar - Hebrew designation: "Telem" ("Furrow")

Ryan BQM-34A Firebee (UAV) - Hebrew designation: "Mabat" ("Gaze")

Ryan BQM-34E/F Firebee II (UAV) - Hebrew designation: "Shadmit" ("Pratincole")

Captured Aircraft

Aerospatiale SA 342 Gazelle

Benes Mraz Sokol

de Havilland DH.100 Vampire

de Havilland DH 112 Venom

Fairchild F24R Argus

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 Fagot

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 Fresco

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Fishbed

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 Flogger

Mil Mi-8 Hip

Yakovlev Yak-11 Moose

Missiles, Rockets and Satellites

Air-to-Air Missiles

AIM-7 Sparrow

AIM-9 Sidewinder

AIM-120 AMRAAM

Matra R530

Python

Shafrir

Derby

Air-to-Surface Missiles

AGM-62 Walleye

AGM-65 Maverick

AGM-45 Shrike

AGM-78 Standard

AGM-114 Hellfire

AGM-142 Popeye

AS.11

AS.30

BGM-71 TOW

Surface-to-Air Missiles

General Dynamics FIM-92 Stinger

Raytheon MIM-23 Hawk

Raytheon MIM-104 Patriot

Israel Aerospace Industries Arrow Interceptor ("Til Hetz") - anti-ballistic missile system

Surface-to-Surface Missiles

Jericho I/II/III - IRBMs possibly armed with nuclear warheads

Space Systems

Amos - communications satellite

EROS - earth observation satellite

Ofeq - reconnaissance satellite

TecSAR - reconnaissance satellite

Shavit - space launch vehicle

See also

List of aircraft of the Israeli Air Force

List of Israeli Air Force aircraft squadrons

Israel Aerospace Industries

Israel Defense Forces

Israeli Security Forces

List of air forces

Israeli Air Defense Network

Military equipment of Israel

Unit 669

Shaldag Unit

References

IAF list of Commanders

External links

The IAF Official Website (Hebrew)

The IAF Official Website (English)

The IAF Special Forces Units - at isayeret.com

101 Squadron, Israel's first fighter squadron

IAF F-15 lands with one wing Video

israeli-weapons

Israel air force war - Ynetnews

Attributed Israeli Air Combat Victories

Israel Air Force Aircraft Inventories

Overview of the IAF

Tsvah Haganah Le Israeli - Hey'l Ha'avir / Israel Air Force

Israel's ability to destroy Iran's nuclear facilities

Many photos of IDF/AF aircraft and operations

Israeli Air Force group on Flickr

The Gallery of Israeli Air Force and Arab Air Forces

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Israeli Air Force