Found in: Iranian provincial capitals
Semnan is a city in Semnan Province, northern Iran with a population estimated at 119,778 inhabitants (2005) It is the provincial capital of Semnan province.
Semnan is situated at 1,138 metres above sea level at the southern foot of the Elburz Mountains. It is the regional market for local grains and cotton.
The production of textiles and carpets are the most important industries in the history of city. but nowadays in compare with its population Semnan have very powerful industrial specially in the field of Automotive (Cars and Bikes). Semnan has traditionally been an important stopover on the trade routes between Tehran (220 kilometers [136 miles]) and Mashad (685 kilometers [426 miles]), and is today linked with the two cities by road and railways.
To the west of the city is "Maleh" which used to be a separate settlement but was not a part of Semnan. In the local language the inhabitants are known as Malezh. "Maleh" is consist of three part Koery (Kodivar), Koshmeni (Kushmaqaan), Zaveni (Zavaqaan). Nowadays "Maleh" is part of Semnan.
University of Semnan