Persian dance refers to the type of dancing from Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Upper body motion is emphasized, with hand motions, trunk undulations and facial expressions being points of attention. Although often compared to Arabic dance, Persian Classical dance is actually very distinct, especially in its lack of hip movement, a staple of Arabic dance.
Generally, the female partner will lead with her upper body in a delicate fashion using her arms and hands, while the male partner complements her movements in line with the music, often of bandari style. However, it is also common to see same-sex couples (mostly males) performing this style of dance, with one leading and the other responding. However, this style is generally substantially less sensual in both manner of movement and in facial expression.
Often, Persian dance will be performed at relatively informal gatherings, such as family meetings, where everyone will sit in a circle (especially on rugs) and a couple will dance in the middle, sometimes accompanied by a Persian drummer playing bandari beats. Persian dance is also used more formally at various social events, like weddings.
Persian dance appears in American pop culture in the film Alexander performed by the eunuch Bagoas at the ceremony where Clietus dies.
Iran has also Bandari dance which is a form of belly dance and belly dance itself Raqs Sharqi
Among most notable ensembles of Persian dance is Afsaneh Ballet.
Classical Persian court dance
Haj Naranji dance
Tehrani dance (Tehrooni)
Persian dance in Tajikistan (in Persian)