Found in: Iranian musical instruments
The karnay is a long trumpet with a mouthpiece. It is used in the musics of Iran and Uzbekistan, of which it is considered a national instrument.
Kyrgyz wind musical instrument, which as well as Surnai was not modernised for ensembles or orchestras and exist in traditional form. This is especially signal or ceremonial instrument with powerful sound of piercing timbre. There are two kinds of kernei: Muiuz Kernei (made of horn of mountain goat), and Jez Kernei (made of cooper or brass). Both of them are very different instruments, but they are combined by lack of playing apertures.
Muiuz Kernei is the ancient instrument, produced from curved horn of mountain goats. That is why the length of the instrument might varied from 30 to 40 sm. Muiuz Kernei do not have the mouthpiece and gives only a few sounds of thick, soft timbre.
Jez Kernei is 1-2 m long longitudinal trumpet with/without a mouthpiece. Faucet diameter is 20 sm. Likeness of kernei with Uzbek and Uigur "karnai" is accounted by the territorial nearness of South Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The sound of Kernei is very strong, loud and intend for outdoor areas. Some time in the past Kernei's applied function was restricted by notification of important events, to-day it is the attribute of national holidays.
The separate group of Kyrgyz aerophones represent the instruments, which considerably yield the main kinds of folk wind instruments by quality of timbre and artistic importance. They can be called as noise instruments. They were not produced by people, they exist in the nature and produce neither musical nor artistic sounds. They are: Chymyldak - produce squeak, Yshkyryk - whistle, Baryldak - under tongue aerophone, Chynyrtky - hunter's quail call, Jalbyrak - "explosive" aerophone. They are considered as